NATO members should act as ‘facilitators of Ukraine’s self-defense’, report says © EPA-EFE

Ukraine’s long-term security requires a ‘decades-long’ investment in its armed forces and binding commitments from NATO countries to provide military support in the event of an attack, according to a report co-authored by the Chief of Staff of President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.

The report, written by Andriy Yermak and former NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen, is the first detailed explanation of what Kyiv expects from its Western supporters to secure its sovereignty after the end of Russia’s war against the country.

NATO members, including the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Poland, Italy, Germany, France, Turkey and other European states, should act as ” enablers of Ukraine’s self-defense,” according to the report.

This would oblige them “to use all elements of their national and collective power and to take appropriate measures — which may include diplomatic, economic and military means — to enable Ukraine to stop the aggression, to restore its sovereignty , to ensure its security, its military advance, and its ability to deter its enemies and defend itself against any threat,” the report states.

The general concept of NATO state security guarantees – which, under their Article 5 mutual defense clause, could lead to full-scale war between the alliance and an aggressor such as Russia – was raised as part of the first peace talks between Kyiv and Moscow in March, but has not been formally sketched or offered.

Security guarantees would require action within 24 hours and would be triggered by a request from Ukraine, rather than relying on confirmation from a third party such as the UN, according to the report.