In pursuit of their common interests and shared values, Japan, Mongolia, and the United States held a trilateral meeting on October 28, 2022 in Tokyo. The three sides discussed a wide range of regional security challenges, economic issues and areas of cooperation. The three parties reaffirmed their commitment to strong ties among themselves and their dedication to their visions of a free and open Indo-Pacific. Japan and the United States have expressed support for Mongolian democracy and the Third Neighbor policy.
Funakoshi Takehiro, Director General of the Asia and Oceania Bureau of the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Nyamdorj Ankhbayar, Secretary of State of the Mongolian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Mark Lambert, United States Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Asian Affairs of East and Pacific, participated in the meeting.
Japan, Mongolia and the US stressed the importance of international law, including the UN Charter and the principles of sovereign equality, respect for the independence and territorial integrity of States and prohibition of the threat or use of force. To this end, the three parties expressed their concern over the suffering of the Ukrainian people. The three parties also expressed their deep concern over the risk of the use of nuclear weapons and the deterioration of the international security environment, and also called on all States to affirm that a nuclear war cannot be won and should never be conducted.
Japan, Mongolia and the United States expressed their respective views regarding the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s (DPRK’s) continued development of nuclear weapons and their delivery systems, including the unprecedented number of ballistic missiles launched in 2022. All parties stressed the need to resume dialogue, and called on the DPRK to fully comply with its obligations under relevant UN Security Council resolutions and engage in dialogue. All parties also stressed the importance for the international community to fully implement relevant UN Security Council resolutions. Japan stressed the need for an immediate resolution of the abduction issue and thanked the United States and Mongolia for their continued support on this issue.
The three parties reaffirmed their common commitment to upholding the rules-based international order, including the principles and purposes of the UN Charter. All parties strongly opposed attempts by any party to unilaterally change the status quo by force or coercion in any region, and stressed the importance of resolving disputes through peaceful means.
Japan, Mongolia and the United States shared their respective visions for regional development, including in the Indo-Pacific, and exchanged views on how to cooperate to ensure a prosperous and peaceful future. All parties agreed to work together to promote the rule of law, the peaceful settlement of disputes, human rights, environmental protection and economic development. Japan and the United States expressed their appreciation for Mongolia’s contributions to United Nations peacekeeping operations and the pursuit of stability operations in conflict areas around the world. All parties expressed their intention to continue defense cooperation and joint training exercises.
Japan, Mongolia and the United States discussed the economic challenges facing the international community due to regional and global shocks. All parties stressed the importance of strengthening the international economic order to deal with new challenges, such as economic coercion. All parties underscored their desire to deepen their economic partnership, including through enhanced collaboration on renewable energy, climate change, supply chain resilience, critical minerals, intellectual property rights and development. digital. They discussed the importance of improving Mongolia’s business climate and its ability to attract investment, especially from Japan and the United States. Japan and the United States discussed their development projects in Mongolia and ways to enhance the mutual complementarity of these projects and their impact on Mongolia’s further economic development. In particular, Mongolia and the United States informed Japan of their joint $462 million Millennium Challenge Corporation Water Compact project, which will increase Ulaanbaatar’s water availability by 80 percent. Mongolia welcomed Japan’s sustainable official development assistance (ODA) projects. Japan and Mongolia highlighted their recent cooperation on Chinggis Khaan International Airport, built with Japanese ODA and operated by a Mongolia-Japan joint venture, to increase Mongolia’s regional connectivity and realize the vision of a Free and open Indo-Pacific.